Professor, Nutrition-gut-brain Interaction Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Sweden
Robert JM Brummer studied medicine at Nijmegen University, the Netherlands and performed his PhD studies in Göteborg (PhD 1992) and continued clinical training in internal medicine and gastroenterology at University Hospital Maastricht, the Netherlands. He became professor at Maastricht University 2002 and was acting director of the nutrition research institute (NUTRIM) of the University. Subsequently, he became research director at the Wageningen Centre for Food Science, later TI Food and Nutrition, the Netherlands. From 2008 he joined Örebro University, Sweden as professor of Gastroenterology and Clinical Nutrition and was dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Health during 6 years and currently is Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University. In that role he also I director of the Örebro University Food & Health Programme. Furthermore he is engaged in national boards and strategies regarding food and nutrition research and innovation and acts as reviewer for several international research councils. His current main field of interest in research is the nutrition/microbe-gut-brain interactions with special reference to human application and still performs all research endoscopic investigations himself.
The lecture will start with a short description of the main players of the Gut-Brain axis and how diet and gut microbiota acts and interacts within this concept. A specific focus will be on the role and physiology of the intestinal barrier function and its relation to immune activation and inflammation. The various microbial metabolites produced in the gut will be highlighted and especially the role and function of the short chain fatty acids will be discussed with regard to gut and brain function. The lecture will finish with a discussion about the role of diet, and life style in general, in relation to the interplay of microbial metabolites, gut health and well-being